8004 w07 qp 1

What hope did they give to the common people of India. Are there common problems that always help to explain the collapse of powerful empires. The Han dynasty followed after only 12 years, and was the first dynasty to embrace the philosophy of Confucianism, which became the ideological underpinning of all regimes until the end of imperial China.

Confucianism was most effective at leading China to success and therefore should be considered the most effective in ruling such a large complex society like China. Both religions gave the Indian people hope that if they were better people, they would end up in a better place or as a better person.

Compare and contrast the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. The Roman Empire was also very heavily beset at the time, with frequent usurpation and civil war, foreign invasion etc but remarkably recovered. What were the essential differences between the two.

Evidence from both Buddhist and Hindu scriptures show that the two traditions were in dialogue with one another from a very early date. Instead of Confucian social activism, the Daoists devoted their energies to reflection and introspection, hoping to understand the natural principles that governed the world in order to live in harmony with them.

Legalism is only effective during wartime, which a large society should hope to avoid in order to thrive. Under the Han Dynasty, China made great advances in many areas of the arts and sciences.

He teaches that to achieve salvation one does not have to accept the authority of the scriptures or the existence of God. Unlike Confucianism, the Daoists considered it pointless to waste time and energy on problems that defied solution.

They shared similar religious terminology and practicing the art of yoga. The focus of the Noble Eightfold Path of Buddhists is not so much about worshipping a god or achieving heaven in the next life.

This recovery owed much to the strong Illyrian emperors of the latter third century, but no such leadership seems to have stepped forth to the rescue of Han China. The later or eastern Han empire was well governed at first, in the first century CE, but after CE there was a succession of weak boy emperors, exploited by unscrupulous officials.

Emperor Wu consolidated and extended the Chinese empire by pushing back the Xiongnu, enabling the first opening of trading connections between China and the West, along the Silk Road.

Use examples from earlier empires to back up your arguments. Buddhist teachings discourage rites and rituals, while the Hindu hold them in high regard. Daoism would make it fairly difficult to govern such a large society since it centers on introspection and reflection, not really allowing much room for societal advancement.

This meant that constant civil war plagued Rome throughout much of its history, majorly weakening it in the end. Ancient India had two philosophical streams of religious thoughts: Why did the political chaos of the Period of the Warring States give rise to philosophies such as Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism.

What were the key turning points in Roman history. One problem that both Empires had was lack of consistently good leadership. File Name: Cambridge International Examinations (CIE)/AS and A Level/General Paper - ()/ Nov/_w07_qp_1+2+olivierlile.com | PapaCambridge View Click Here To Open In Full Window.

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General Paper (8004)

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Early Indochina

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